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March Hare
18592204
Debut Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Created by Lewis Carroll
Portrayed by
Voiced by
Full name Thackery Earwicket
Aliases Marchy
Haigha
Species Hare
Gender Male
Eye color Yellow
Hair color Brown
Occupation Messenger
Affiliation Hatter
Dormouse
White King
Family
Nationality Wonderland

Have some wine.
—March Hare[src]
The March Hare is a character most famous for appearing in the tea party scene in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

The main character, Alice, hypothesizes,

"The March Hare will be much the most interesting, and perhaps as this is May it won't be raving mad – at least not so mad as it was in March."[1]

"Mad as a March hare" is a common British English phrase, both now and in Carroll's time, and appears in John Heywood's collection of proverbs published in 1546. It is reported in The Annotated Alice by Martin Gardner that this proverb is based on popular belief about hares' behavior at the beginning of the long breeding season, which lasts from February to September in Britain. Early in the season, unreceptive females often use their forelegs to repel overenthusiastic males. It used to be incorrectly believed that these bouts were between males fighting for breeding supremacy.[2]

Like the character's friend, the Hatter, the March Hare feels compelled to always behave as though it is tea-time because the Hatter supposedly "murdered the time" whilst singing for the Queen of Hearts. Sir John Tenniel's illustration also shows him with straw on his head, a common way to depict madness in Victorian times.[3][4] The March Hare later appears at the trial for the Knave of Hearts, and for a final time as "Haigha" (which is pronounced to rhyme with "mayor", according to Carroll), the personal messenger to the White King in Through the Looking-Glass. (Alice either does not recognize him as the March Hare of her earlier dream, or chooses not to comment about this.)

InterpretationsEdit

Alice in VerseEdit

Main article: Alice in Verse: The Lost Rhymes of Wonderland

The major departure from Carroll's original here is that instead of appearing a jittery witness, the March Hare is cast as the Prosecutor. After the charge is read, the Hare addresses the court with an opening statement that more or less vindicates the accused, before turning his accusing eye upon the court itself for failing to serve tea with the evidence (the tarts).

Alice in the Country of HeartsEdit

In this Japanese manga, Alice in the Country of Hearts, the March Hare is Elliot March. Elliot is Blood Dupre (the Hatter)'s right-hand man. He is basically human with the exception of two brown rabbit ears. When called a rabbit, he often becomes insulted and rants about how his ears are 'just bigger than average'. He isn't specifically crazy or mad, but he is a bit violent in the beginning. He almost kills Alice with his long-barrelled gun before Blood stopped him. But, as the story progresses, it is shown that Elliot is a lovable, amusing character who is really very sweet.

Pandora HeartsEdit

In this Japanese manga, Pandora Hearts, the March Hare is a "Chain" whose "Contractor" is Reim Lunettes. It has the ability to fake death which helps Reim escape his attackers and proved to be so realistic that his comrades believed he really was dead. The March Hare was said to be a "gentle Chain" which was not suited for battle, but very useful in its own ways. In a way, it contradicts all the varieties of the March Hare, as the Hare is shown to be mad or even insane.

In popular cultureEdit

  • In Syfy's TV Miniseries Alice, the March Hare is represented by the character Mad March.
  • The March Hare is featured as the primary antagonist in the Once Upon a Time story "Tea Party in March" in the graphic novel Once Upon a Time: Out of the Past.
  • In the song entitled "We Have Heaven" by the British rock group Yes, a lyric mantra is sung from beginning to end saying "Tell the Moon Dog, tell the March Hare...".

Disney animated filmEdit

Disney's Alice in Wonderland, an animated film, depicted the March Hare at the tea party as being deliriously confused. He repeatedly offers Alice a cup of tea, but distractedly pulls the cup out of her reach or takes it from her hands just as she is about to drink. He was voiced by Jerry Colonna, after whom his appearance and personality were modelled. He was animated by Ward Kimball. Kimball also led the Dixieland band Firehouse Five Plus Two, in which he played trombone.

This version of the character was also a semi-regular on Bonkers and one of the guests in House of Mouse, often seen seated with the Mad Hatter. During these appearances, the March Hare was voiced by Jesse Corti and Maurice LaMarche.

Thackery EarwicketEdit

The March Hare appears in the 2010 Disney film Alice in Wonderland and its 2016 sequel Alice Through the Looking Glass, voiced by Paul Whitehouse. His full name is Thackery Earwicket; in the first film he is only referred to as the March Hare, and is simply referred to as Thackery in the second. Thackery behaves as if constantly nerve-wracked and completely delirious. He is a cook in the film, and the way he eccentrically throws dishes and pots suggests he is an amalgam of both the March Hare and the cook from Lewis Carroll's original book. The March Hare has a strong Scottish accent in this movie, while his friend the Mad Hatter (played by Johnny Depp) switches into a Scottish accent as well whenever his emotions are strained. He is first seen in the "Tea Party" scene, which takes place at his "Hare House" windmill. Thackery hosts a tea party, which he shares with Tarrant Hightopp the Mad Hatter, Mallymkun the Dormouse, and Chess the Cheshire Cat. He appears a second time in the White Queen's kitchen, frantically cooking and throwing dishes. His third appearance is at the Frabjous Day scene, in which he stands with the other characters wielding a ladle as his weapon, nervous and somewhat ready to go to battle. Tim Burton stated that because Whitehouse is a great comedic actor, a lot of his lines came from improvisation.[5]

Thackery Earwicket also appears in the "Mad T Party" band in Disney's California Adventure park where he plays bass guitar. He is often found hopping around with Mallymkun the Dormouse on stage.

GamesEdit

GalleryEdit

Buster
Fantasy and Fiction Wiki has a collection of images and media related to March Hare.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Carroll, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
  2. "BBC Radio 4, Dylan Winter, Shared Earth, Feb 9th 2007". Bbc.co.uk. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  3. "Alice in Wonderland (3): Overview of chapters 7–12" (PDF). Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  4. "Story origins – Lenny's Alice in Wonderland site". Alice-in-wonderland.net. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  5. Salisbury, Mark; Burton, Tim (2010). Alice in Wonderland: A Visual Companion. Disney Editions. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4231-2887-8.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Through the Looking-Glass - "The Hunting of the Snark"
Characters
Alice - White Rabbit - Dodo - Bill the Lizard - Caterpillar - Duchess - Cheshire Cat - March Hare - Hatter - Dormouse - Queen of Hearts
King of Hearts - Knave of Hearts - Gryphon - Mock Turtle - Red Queen - White Queen - Red King - White King - White Knight
Tweedledum and Tweedledee - Sheep - Humpty Dumpty - The Lion and the Unicorn - Bandersnatch - Jubjub bird
Locations
Wonderland - Looking-glass world
Related topics
The Annotated Alice - Mischmasch - Works based on Alice in Wonderland (Films and television - Disney franchise)
Translations of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Translations of Through the Looking-Glass
Adaptations
Films
1903 - 1910 - 1915 - 1931 - 1933 - 1949 - 1951 - 1966 - 1972 - 1976 - 1982 - 1985 - 1987 - 1988 (Czechoslovak) - 1988 (Australian)
1995 - 1999 - 2010
Stage
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (ballet) - Alice in Wonderland (musical) - Alice in Wonderland (opera)
But Never Jam Today (Carroll musical) - Wonderland (Wildhorn musical) - Peter and Alice (2013 play) - Wonder.land (Albarn musical)
Television
Fushigi no Kuni no Alice - Once Upon a Time in Wonderland
Poems
"All in the golden afternoon..." - "How Doth the Little Crocodile" - "The Mouse's Tale" - "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Bat"
"You Are Old, Father William" - "'Tis the Voice of the Lobster" - "Jabberwocky" - "The Walrus and the Carpenter" - "Haddocks' Eyes"
"The Mock Turtle's Song" - "The Hunting of the Snark"
Sequels
A New Alice in the Old Wonderland (1895) - New Adventures of Alice (1917) - Alice of Wonderland in Paris (1966)
Alice Through the Needle's Eye (1984) - Automated Alice (1996) - Wonderland Revisited and the Games Alice Played There (2009)
Retellings
The Nursery "Alice" (1890) - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland retold in words of one syllable (1905)
Alice in Verse: The Lost Rhymes of Wonderland (2010)
Parodies
The Westminster Alice (1902) - Clara in Blunderland (1902) - Lost in Blunderland (1903)
John Bull's Adventures in the Fiscal Wonderland (1904) - Alice in Blunderland: An Iridescent Dream (1904)
Imitations
Davy and the Goblin (1884) - The Admiral's Caravan (1891) - Gladys in Grammarland (1896) - A New Wonderland (1898)
Rollo in Emblemland (1902) - Justnowland (1912) - Alice in Orchestralia (1925)
Reimagining
Alice in Wonderland or What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This? (1966) - Alice or the Last Escapade (1977) - Dreamchild (1985)
Adventures in Wonderland (1991) - The Looking Glass Wars (2006) - Alice (2009) - Malice in Wonderland (2009)
Alice in Wonderland (2010) - Alice Through the Looking Glass (2016)
Literary
Alice in Murderland - Alice in the Country of Hearts - Miyuki-chan in Wonderland
Video games
Alice no Paint Adventure (1995) - Alice in Wonderland (2000) - American McGee's Alice (2000) - Alice in Wonderland (2010)
Alice: Madness Returns (2011)